Kenniscentrum voor fietsbeleid

Parking policy

Parking policy is a relatively new phenomenon . The original and still prevailing aim is to prevent bicycle theft by providing good bicycle parking facilities. In the Netherlands bicycle parking facilities are in actual practice the main weapon in the fight against bicycle theft (see als under Theft). The impact of bicycle theft on the size of bicycle traffic is probably great. Various studies reveal less bicycle use and particularly the use of old, badly maintained bicycles due to the fear of theft: Wrecks for fear of theft (Barrels uit angst diefstal). Badly maintained bicycles that are therefore badly and negligently treated. In this way poor bicycle parking facilities lead to badly maintained bicycles and ‘imperfect bicycle parking behaviour’: Bad stands and naive cyclists (Slechte rekken en naïeve fietsers).

Besides theft, vandalism or damage in general may be prevented or reduced by providing good bicycle parking facilities  At the same time bicycle parking policies nowadays are also aimed at another issue: preventing hindrance to other users of public space. Badly parked bicycles are an eyesore to many - the more so for those that are obnoxiously parked.

Guidelines for local parking policy have been provided in the CROW-manual Guide to bicycle parking. This is increasingly an issue for local authorities. See for an extreme example the situation in Amsterdam, where bicycle parking  has grown to become almost the heart of bicycle policy: Deciding in favour of cyclists (Kiezen voor de fietser). In many cities attention mostly centres on concentrations of parked bicycles, in Town centres and near Train stations.

File 2001 Leidraad fietsparkeren (guide to bicycle parking) provides information on policy development, planning, design, implementation, utilisation and the myriad incarnations of bicycle parking facilities.
Frank Borgman, Fietsersbond , Fietsersbond
2010 Fietsersbond investigated in Fietsbalans among others the bicycle parking provisions in 43 towns. There proved to be a large shortage of bicycle stands in over a third of the various cycling destinations.
Policy memorandum
R. Hilhorst, A. Danenberg , Amsterdam
2005 The Amsterdam long-range plan 2006-2010, with overall expenditure of no less than 100 million Euro, and a strong emphasis on bicycle parking/bicycle theft.
Martijn te Lintelo, Gemeente Nijmegen
2009 Evaluation by Nijmegen local authorities of the 2007 bicycle parking policy. The situation in the town centre is satisfactory; in the station area not yet.
Policy memorandum
Jeroen Kosters , Gemeente Tilburg
2008 Tilburg local authorities strive for more intensive local bicycle use. In addition to providing qualitatively high-grade cycling connections a major factor for increasing bicycle use is being able to park bicycles at logical and safe locations.