Oslo: cycling in the opposite direction is not much of a problem
Research was conducted in Oslo to determine the effectiveness of allowing two-way cycling traffic on roads that are one-way for cars. The conclusion is that the cyclists are happy, the motorists less so.
The cycling lanes running in both directions on an originally one-way road are laid out with red asphalt and wide, dashed road markings. Research was done by the Norwegian Centre for Transport Research before and after the modification. This showed that cycling increased by 50 percent, especially in the direction opposite to the original one-way direction. According to the researchers, part of this traffic originated in adjoining streets. A survey also showed that cyclist rode less on the pavement (from 47% to 22% in the street with wide pavements and from 23 to 5% in the other street).
Pedestrians and motorists responded differently. Pedestrians felt somewhat more unsure but were not against the measure. Motorists were more negative, especially in the street where the extra bike lane was constructed at the expense of parking facilities. Video observations confirmed that there were less conflicts. The Norwegian researchers concluded that the measure was successful and could also be implemented elsewhere.